Author Topic: Retrieving data from TEB  (Read 5707 times)

guga

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Retrieving data from TEB
« on: June 27, 2014, 10:41:56 PM »
Retrieving information from TEB (Thread Environment Block) may be a pain in some cases, specially because the structure seems to varies from OS to OS, but, it can be easy once you know the equates related to it.

So, i built a serie of equates related to TEb and PEB to make easier to access data from it

Programmatically, this can be done like:

Code: [Select]
[BaseStaticServerData: D$ 0]

       call GetBaseStaticServerFromTEB BaseStaticServerData
        add eax SYSTEM_STRINGS.BaseNamedObjects.LengthDis ; <---- Points to the start of the structure UNICODE_STRING where the ObjectName Server is stored
        mov D@ObjAttrib.ObjectNameDis eax


Code: [Select]
; Get starting address Pointer of the Structure ReadOnlyStaticServerData
Proc GetBaseStaticServerFromTEB:
    Arguments @pOutout
    Uses edi

    mov edi D@pOutout
    mov eax D$fs:TEB.Tib.SelfDis ; retrieve TEB structure for the current process
    mov eax D$eax+TEB.PebDis ; pointer to a PEB structure
    mov eax D$eax+PEB.ReadOnlyStaticServerDataDis ; retrieve the ReadOnlyStaticServerData (a TEXT_INFO structure)
    mov eax D$eax+TEXT_INFO.SystemStringsDis ; pointer to a SYSTEM_STRINGS structure (eah member points to a UNICODE_STRING Structrure)
    mov D$edi eax

EndP

Equates are:
Code: [Select]

[TEB.Tib.ExceptionListDis 0
 TEB.Tib.StackBaseDis 4
 TEB.Tib.StackLimitDis 8
 TEB.Tib.SubSystemTibDis 12
 TEB.Tib.FiberDataDis 16
 TEB.VersionDis 16
 TEB.Tib.ArbitraryUserPointerDis 20
 TEB.Tib.SelfDis 24
 TEB.EnvironmentPointerDis 28
 TEB.ClientId.UniqueProcessDis 32
 TEB.ClientId.UniqueThreadDis 36
 TEB.ActiveRpcDDis 40
 TEB.ThreadLocalStoragePointerDis 44
 TEB.PebDis 48
 TEB.LastErrorValueDis 52
 TEB.CountOfOwnedCriticalSectionsDis 56
 TEB.CsrClientThreadDis 60
 TEB.Win32ThreadInfoDis 64
 TEB.Win32ClientInfoDis 68
 TEB.WOW32ReservedDis 192
 TEB.CurrentLocaleDis 196
 TEB.FpSoftwareStatusRegisterDis 200
 TEB.SystemReserved1Dis 204
 TEB.Spare1Dis 420
 TEB.ExceptionCodeDis 424
 TEB.SpareBs1Dis 428
 TEB.SystemReserved2Dis 468
 TEB.GdiTebBatch.OffsetDis 508
 TEB.GdiTebBatch.HDCDis 512
 TEB.GdiTebBatch.BufferDis 516
 TEB.gdiRgnDis 1756
 TEB.gdiPenDis 1760
 TEB.gdiBrushDis 1764
 TEB.RealClientId.UniqueProcessDis 1768
 TEB.RealClientId.UniqueThreadDis 1772
 TEB.GdiCachedProcessDDis 1776
 TEB.GdiClientPIDDis 1780
 TEB.GdiClientTIDDis 1784
 TEB.GdiThreadLocaleInfoDis 1788
 TEB.UserReservedDis 1792
 TEB.glDispachTableDis 1812
 TEB.glReserved1Dis 2932
 TEB.glReserved2Dis 3036
 TEB.glSectionInfoDis 3040
 TEB.glSectionDis 3044
 TEB.glTableDis 3048
 TEB.glCurrentRCDis 3052
 TEB.glContextDis 3056
 TEB.LastStatusValueDis 3060
 TEB.StaticUnicodeString.LengthDis 3064
 TEB.StaticUnicodeString.MaximumLengthDis 3066
 TEB.StaticUnicodeString.BufferDis 3068
 TEB.StaticUnicodeBufferDis 3072
 TEB.PADDINGDis 3594
 TEB.DeallocationStackDis 3596
 TEB.TlsSlotsDis 3600
 TEB.TlsLinks.FlinkDis 3856
 TEB.TlsLinks.BlinkDis 3860
 TEB.VdmDis 3864
 TEB.ReservedForNtRpcDis 3868
 TEB.DbgSsReservedDis 3872
 TEB.HardErrorDisabledDis 3880
 TEB.InstrumentationDis 3884
 TEB.WinSockDataDis 3948
 TEB.GdiBatchCountDis 3952
 TEB.Spare2Dis 3956
 TEB.Spare3Dis 3960
 TEB.Spare4Dis 3964
 TEB.ReservedForOleDis 3968
 TEB.WaitingOnLoaderLockDis 3972
 TEB.Reserved5Dis 3976
 TEB.TlsExpansionSlotsDis 3988]


[PEB.InheritedAddressSpaceDis 0
 PEB.ReadImageFileExecOptionsDis 1
 PEB.BeingDebuggedDis 2
 PEB.SpareBoolDis 3
 PEB.MutantDis 4
 PEB.ImageBaseAddressDis 8
 PEB.LdrDataDis 12
 PEB.ProcessParametersDis 16
 PEB.SubSystemDataDis 20
 PEB.ProcessHeapDis 24
 PEB.FastPebLockDis 28
 PEB.FastPebLockRoutineDis 32
 PEB.FastPebUnlockRoutineDis 36
 PEB.EnvironmentUpdateCountDis 40
 PEB.KernelCallbackTableDis 44
 PEB.EventLogSectionDis 48
 PEB.EventLogDis 52
 PEB.FreeListDis 56
 PEB.TlsExpansionCounterDis 60
 PEB.TlsBitmapDis 64
 PEB.TlsBitmapBitsDis 68
 PEB.ReadOnlySharedMemoryBaseDis 76
 PEB.ReadOnlySharedMemoryHeapDis 80
 PEB.ReadOnlyStaticServerDataDis 84
 PEB.AnsiCodePageDataDis 88
 PEB.OemCodePageDataDis 92
 PEB.UnicodeCaseTableDataDis 96
 PEB.NumberOfProcessorsDis 100
 PEB.NtGlobalFlagDis 104
 PEB.Spare2Dis 108
 PEB.CriticalSectionTimeoutDis 112
 PEB.HeapSegmentReserveDis 120
 PEB.HeapSegmentCommitDis 124
 PEB.HeapDeCommitTotalFreeThresholdDis 128
 PEB.HeapDeCommitFreeBlockThresholdDis 132
 PEB.NumberOfHeapsDis 136
 PEB.MaximumNumberOfHeapsDis 140
 PEB.ProcessHeapsDis 144
 PEB.GdiSharedHandleTableDis 148
 PEB.ProcessStarterHelperDis 152
 PEB.GdiDCAttributeListDis 156
 PEB.LoaderLockDis 160
 PEB.OSMajorVersionDis 164
 PEB.OSMinorVersionDis 168
 PEB.OSBuildNumberDis 172
 PEB.OSPlatformIdDis 176
 PEB.ImageSubSystemDis 180
 PEB.ImageSubSystemMajorVersionDis 184
 PEB.ImageSubSystemMinorVersionDis 188
 PEB.ImageProcessAffinityMaskDis 192
 PEB.GdiDBufferDis 196
 PEB.PostProcessInitRoutineDis 332
 PEB.TlsExpansionBitmapDis 336
 PEB.TlsExpansionBitmapBitsDis 340
 PEB.SessionIdDis 468]

[TEXT_INFO.ReservedDis 0
 TEXT_INFO.SystemStringsDis 4]


[SYSTEM_STRINGS.SystemRoot.LengthDis 0
 SYSTEM_STRINGS.SystemRoot.MaximumLengthDis 2
 SYSTEM_STRINGS.SystemRoot.BufferDis 4
 SYSTEM_STRINGS.System32Root.LengthDis 8
 SYSTEM_STRINGS.System32Root.MaximumLengthDis 10
 SYSTEM_STRINGS.System32Root.BufferDis 12
 SYSTEM_STRINGS.BaseNamedObjects.LengthDis 16
 SYSTEM_STRINGS.BaseNamedObjects.MaximumLengthDis 18
 SYSTEM_STRINGS.BaseNamedObjects.BufferDis 20]

; the structure UNICODE_STRING is the ones used to store the ReadOnlyStaticServerData
[UNICODE_STRING:
 UNICODE_STRING.Length: W$ 0
 UNICODE_STRING.MaximumLength: W$ 0
 UNICODE_STRING.Buffer: D$ 0]

Also, you can always use NtQueryInformationThread from access to certain structures inside the TEB
http://sysmagazine.com/posts/187226

Below is a good example of retrieving a module´s handle without GetModuleHandle Api and using only PEB.
http://asbra.net/getmodulehandle-without-winapi-from-peb/
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dedndave

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Re: Retrieving data from TEB
« Reply #1 on: June 27, 2014, 10:48:43 PM »
nice - thanks   :t

i think the TEB and PEB are structures, though - defined in Winternl.h (or elsewhere)

i learned a little trick, the other day
the initial contents of the EBX register (program startup) is the address of the PEB   :biggrin:

dedndave

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Re: Retrieving data from TEB
« Reply #2 on: June 27, 2014, 10:57:32 PM »
Code: [Select]
typedef struct _TEB {
  NT_TIB                  Tib;
  PVOID                   EnvironmentPointer;
  CLIENT_ID               Cid;
  PVOID                   ActiveRpcInfo;
  PVOID                   ThreadLocalStoragePointer;
  PPEB                    Peb;
  ULONG                   LastErrorValue;
  ULONG                   CountOfOwnedCriticalSections;
  PVOID                   CsrClientThread;
  PVOID                   Win32ThreadInfo;
  ULONG                   Win32ClientInfo[0x1F];
  PVOID                   WOW32Reserved;
  ULONG                   CurrentLocale;
  ULONG                   FpSoftwareStatusRegister;
  PVOID                   SystemReserved1[0x36];
  PVOID                   Spare1;
  ULONG                   ExceptionCode;
  ULONG                   SpareBytes1[0x28];
  PVOID                   SystemReserved2[0xA];
  ULONG                   GdiRgn;
  ULONG                   GdiPen;
  ULONG                   GdiBrush;
  CLIENT_ID               RealClientId;
  PVOID                   GdiCachedProcessHandle;
  ULONG                   GdiClientPID;
  ULONG                   GdiClientTID;
  PVOID                   GdiThreadLocaleInfo;
  PVOID                   UserReserved[5];
  PVOID                   GlDispatchTable[0x118];
  ULONG                   GlReserved1[0x1A];
  PVOID                   GlReserved2;
  PVOID                   GlSectionInfo;
  PVOID                   GlSection;
  PVOID                   GlTable;
  PVOID                   GlCurrentRC;
  PVOID                   GlContext;
  NTSTATUS                LastStatusValue;
  UNICODE_STRING          StaticUnicodeString;
  WCHAR                   StaticUnicodeBuffer[0x105];
  PVOID                   DeallocationStack;
  PVOID                   TlsSlots[0x40];
  LIST_ENTRY              TlsLinks;
  PVOID                   Vdm;
  PVOID                   ReservedForNtRpc;
  PVOID                   DbgSsReserved[0x2];
  ULONG                   HardErrorDisabled;
  PVOID                   Instrumentation[0x10];
  PVOID                   WinSockData;
  ULONG                   GdiBatchCount;
  ULONG                   Spare2;
  ULONG                   Spare3;
  ULONG                   Spare4;
  PVOID                   ReservedForOle;
  ULONG                   WaitingOnLoaderLock;
  PVOID                   StackCommit;
  PVOID                   StackCommitMax;
  PVOID                   StackReserved;
} TEB, *PTEB;

NT_TIB is in defined in WinNT.h
Code: [Select]
typedef struct _NT_TIB {
    struct _EXCEPTION_REGISTRATION_RECORD *ExceptionList;
    PVOID StackBase;
    PVOID StackLimit;
    PVOID SubSystemTib;
    union {
        PVOID FiberData;
        DWORD Version;
    };
    PVOID ArbitraryUserPointer;
    struct _NT_TIB *Self;
} NT_TIB;
typedef NT_TIB *PNT_TIB;

Code: [Select]
//
// 32 and 64 bit specific version for wow64 and the debugger
//
typedef struct _NT_TIB32 {
    DWORD ExceptionList;
    DWORD StackBase;
    DWORD StackLimit;
    DWORD SubSystemTib;
    union {
        DWORD FiberData;
        DWORD Version;
    };
    DWORD ArbitraryUserPointer;
    DWORD Self;
} NT_TIB32, *PNT_TIB32;

typedef struct _NT_TIB64 {
    DWORD64 ExceptionList;
    DWORD64 StackBase;
    DWORD64 StackLimit;
    DWORD64 SubSystemTib;
    union {
        DWORD64 FiberData;
        DWORD Version;
    };
    DWORD64 ArbitraryUserPointer;
    DWORD64 Self;
} NT_TIB64, *PNT_TIB64;

dedndave

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Re: Retrieving data from TEB
« Reply #3 on: June 27, 2014, 10:59:28 PM »
Code: [Select]
typedef struct _THREAD_BASIC_INFORMATION {
  NTSTATUS                ExitStatus;
  PVOID                   TebBaseAddress;
  CLIENT_ID               ClientId;
  KAFFINITY               AffinityMask;
  KPRIORITY               Priority;
  KPRIORITY               BasePriority;
} THREAD_BASIC_INFORMATION, *PTHREAD_BASIC_INFORMATION;

Code: [Select]
typedef struct _PEB {
  BOOLEAN                 InheritedAddressSpace;
  BOOLEAN                 ReadImageFileExecOptions;
  BOOLEAN                 BeingDebugged;
  BOOLEAN                 Spare;
  HANDLE                  Mutant;
  PVOID                   ImageBaseAddress;
  PPEB_LDR_DATA           LoaderData;
  PRTL_USER_PROCESS_PARAMETERS ProcessParameters;
  PVOID                   SubSystemData;
  PVOID                   ProcessHeap;
  PVOID                   FastPebLock;
  PPEBLOCKROUTINE         FastPebLockRoutine;
  PPEBLOCKROUTINE         FastPebUnlockRoutine;
  ULONG                   EnvironmentUpdateCount;
  PPVOID                  KernelCallbackTable;
  PVOID                   EventLogSection;
  PVOID                   EventLog;
  PPEB_FREE_BLOCK         FreeList;
  ULONG                   TlsExpansionCounter;
  PVOID                   TlsBitmap;
  ULONG                   TlsBitmapBits[0x2];
  PVOID                   ReadOnlySharedMemoryBase;
  PVOID                   ReadOnlySharedMemoryHeap;
  PPVOID                  ReadOnlyStaticServerData;
  PVOID                   AnsiCodePageData;
  PVOID                   OemCodePageData;
  PVOID                   UnicodeCaseTableData;
  ULONG                   NumberOfProcessors;
  ULONG                   NtGlobalFlag;
  BYTE                    Spare2[0x4];
  LARGE_INTEGER           CriticalSectionTimeout;
  ULONG                   HeapSegmentReserve;
  ULONG                   HeapSegmentCommit;
  ULONG                   HeapDeCommitTotalFreeThreshold;
  ULONG                   HeapDeCommitFreeBlockThreshold;
  ULONG                   NumberOfHeaps;
  ULONG                   MaximumNumberOfHeaps;
  PPVOID                  *ProcessHeaps;
  PVOID                   GdiSharedHandleTable;
  PVOID                   ProcessStarterHelper;
  PVOID                   GdiDCAttributeList;
  PVOID                   LoaderLock;
  ULONG                   OSMajorVersion;
  ULONG                   OSMinorVersion;
  ULONG                   OSBuildNumber;
  ULONG                   OSPlatformId;
  ULONG                   ImageSubSystem;
  ULONG                   ImageSubSystemMajorVersion;
  ULONG                   ImageSubSystemMinorVersion;
  ULONG                   GdiHandleBuffer[0x22];
  ULONG                   PostProcessInitRoutine;
  ULONG                   TlsExpansionBitmap;
  BYTE                    TlsExpansionBitmapBits[0x80];
  ULONG                   SessionId;
} PEB, *PPEB;

use the index or search tabs.....
http://undocumented.ntinternals.net/

guga

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Re: Retrieving data from TEB
« Reply #4 on: June 27, 2014, 11:06:57 PM »
Hi Dave, Tks :)

Yep. They are only structures. What i´ve done is simply create the equates related to those structures to make easier to retrieve using "mov eax D$Fs:XX" Where "XX" is only the equate (position) of the structure member

In masm, i believe the syntax may be like: mov eax [dword ptr]FS:XX or something similar, i actually don´t remember the proper masm syntax

ABout the usage of ebx, are you talking about some packers that uses CONTENT.EBX to store it ? If it is, then, yes..it is possible to retrieve the PEB from ebx, but i don´t know if it can be done always. Do you know if ebx holds the PEB always after using a Exception routine at the start of a specific function ? (If it does, it can be a good starting point from some updates i´m making in RosAsm´s debugger and disassembler)
Coding in Assembly requires a mix of:
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