Author Topic: UASM 2.45 Release  (Read 257 times)

johnsa

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UASM 2.45 Release
« on: November 11, 2017, 07:24:12 AM »
Hi,

Packages are updated on the site as well as git.

Changes are:

Fixes:
1) Fixed usage text to show SSE as the default architecture.
2) Fixed 32bit addressing mode issue when using Array[n] (variable indexed by constant).
3) Minor RBP stack-frame fixes.
4) Fix for RSP stack setup using WIN64 < 11.
5) Fix for vmovupd addressing mode. This error was also affecting evex encoding instructions that can't use 1 byte displacement.

Improvements:
1) Updated and cleaned up the unix build.
2) Re-organized the samples folder and descriptions.
3) Adjusted local arrangement with RBP stack-frame to minimize required padding and ensure all locals are always aligned so win64:7 is obsolete.
4) Vsubpd xmm0, xmm0, zmm14 now generates an error.

New Features:
1) Add -macho64 output format support (OSX 64bit objects).
2) Added two new samples osx1.asm, osx2.asm for macho64 output.
3) Added new sample crossplatform/hello.asm demonstrating a simple console app that assembles on win64, linux and osx.

We now are finally able to run, assemble and target all platforms: Windows, Linux and OSX :)

Here is a simple hello world sample that assembles and runs on all 3 without modification:

Code: [Select]
; ####################################################################
;
; Fully cross platform 64bit Hello World Sample.
; Uses built-in @Platform to target code-blocks with UASM 2.45
;
; Windows (x64): uasm64 -c -win64 -Zp8 hello.asm
;                link /machine:x64 /subsystem:console /release hello.obj msvcrt.lib
;
; Linux (x64):   uasm -c -elf64 hello.asm
;                gcc -o hello hello.o
;
; OSX (x64):     uasm -c -macho64 hello.asm
;                ld hello.o -e main -lc -o hello_app
;
; ####################################################################

include crossplatform.inc

main    proto
MyFunc  proto

.code

main PROC
invoke MyFunc
IF @Platform EQ WINDOWS64
   invoke ExitProcess,0
ELSE
   mov eax,SYS_EXIT
   syscall
ENDIF
ret
main ENDP

MyFunc PROC
invoke CPRINTF, "Hello world!\n"
ret
MyFunc ENDP
end


Enjoy! :)
John

habran

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #1 on: November 12, 2017, 07:14:55 PM »
This build also contains 2 new macros for getting 128 bit MASK:
GETMASK128 and NOTMASK128  with the result returned in desired xmm register
they are available in both 32bit and 64bit and they will use proper instructions:
 movups and pxor for SSE and vmovups and vpxor for AVX

usage is :
 GETMASK128 xmmreg, fieldmask      for field
 GETMASK128 xmmreg, recordmask   for record

 NOTMASK128 xmmreg, fieldmask      for field
 NOTMASK128 xmmreg, recordmask   for record

here are some examples:
Code: [Select]
   263:  GETMASK128 xmm3, blow
00007FF7E87610B6 C7 05 50 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK (07FF7E8765410h)],0 
00007FF7E87610C0 C7 05 4A 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+4h (07FF7E8765414h)],0 
00007FF7E87610CA C7 05 44 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+8h (07FF7E8765418h)],0 
00007FF7E87610D4 C7 05 3E 43 00 00 00 FF 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+0Ch (07FF7E876541Ch)],0FF00h 
00007FF7E87610DE 0F 10 1D 2B 43 00 00 movups      xmm3,xmmword ptr [GMASK (07FF7E8765410h)] ;XMM3 = 0000FF00000000000000000000000000
   264:  NOTMASK128 xmm2, blow
00007FF7E87610E5 C7 05 21 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK (07FF7E8765410h)],0 
00007FF7E87610EF C7 05 1B 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+4h (07FF7E8765414h)],0 
00007FF7E87610F9 C7 05 15 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+8h (07FF7E8765418h)],0 
00007FF7E8761103 C7 05 0F 43 00 00 00 FF 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+0Ch (07FF7E876541Ch)],0FF00h 
00007FF7E876110D 0F 10 15 FC 42 00 00 movups      xmm2,xmmword ptr [GMASK (07FF7E8765410h)] 
00007FF7E8761114 66 0F EF 15 04 43 00 00 pxor        xmm2,xmmword ptr [NOTMASK (07FF7E8765420h)] ;XMM2 = FFFF00FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF 
   265:  GETMASK128 xmm3, MYREC128
00007FF7E876111C C7 05 EA 42 00 00 FF FF FF FF mov         dword ptr [GMASK (07FF7E8765410h)],0FFFFFFFFh 
00007FF7E8761126 C7 05 E4 42 00 00 FF FF FF FF mov         dword ptr [GMASK+4h (07FF7E8765414h)],0FFFFFFFFh 
00007FF7E8761130 C7 05 DE 42 00 00 FF FF FF FF mov         dword ptr [GMASK+8h (07FF7E8765418h)],0FFFFFFFFh 
00007FF7E876113A C7 05 D8 42 00 00 FF FF FF FF mov         dword ptr [GMASK+0Ch (07FF7E876541Ch)],0FFFFFFFFh 
00007FF7E8761144 0F 10 1D C5 42 00 00 movups      xmm3,xmmword ptr [GMASK (07FF7E8765410h)] ;XMM3 = FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF
   266:  NOTMASK128 xmm2, MYREC128
00007FF7E876114B C7 05 BB 42 00 00 FF FF FF FF mov         dword ptr [GMASK (07FF7E8765410h)],0FFFFFFFFh 
00007FF7E8761155 C7 05 B5 42 00 00 FF FF FF FF mov         dword ptr [GMASK+4h (07FF7E8765414h)],0FFFFFFFFh 
00007FF7E876115F C7 05 AF 42 00 00 FF FF FF FF mov         dword ptr [GMASK+8h (07FF7E8765418h)],0FFFFFFFFh 
00007FF7E8761169 C7 05 A9 42 00 00 FF FF FF FF mov         dword ptr [GMASK+0Ch (07FF7E876541Ch)],0FFFFFFFFh 
00007FF7E8761173 0F 10 15 96 42 00 00 movups      xmm2,xmmword ptr [GMASK (07FF7E8765410h)] 
00007FF7E876117A 66 0F EF 15 9E 42 00 00 pxor        xmm2,xmmword ptr [NOTMASK (07FF7E8765420h)] ;XMM2 = 00000000000000000000000000000000
Cod-Father

habran

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #2 on: November 12, 2017, 07:49:05 PM »
Here are the macros used:
Code: [Select]
GETMASK128 MACRO reg:REQ, field:REQ
  IFNDEF GMASK
   .data
    GMASK OWORD 0
  ENDIF
   .code
  IF @Arch EQ 1
   movups reg, MASK field
  ELSE
    vmovups reg, MASK field
  ENDIF
ENDM

NOTMASK128 MACRO reg:REQ, field:REQ
  IFNDEF GMASK
   .data
    GMASK OWORD 0
  ENDIF
  IFNDEF NOTMASK
   .data
    NOTMASK OWORD -1
  ENDIF
 .code
  IF @Arch EQ 1
   movups reg, MASK field
   pxor reg, NOTMASK
  ELSE
   vmovups reg, MASK field
   vpxor reg, reg, NOTMASK
  ENDIF
ENDM
As you can see GETMASK128 creates global GMASK to store 128 bit data and than load it to xmm register
if GMASK is already created it will reuse it so that we don't create a new global every time
so, the GMASK is available to use it as many times as you want, after you have used GETMASK128 first
EG:
Code: [Select]
   263:  GETMASK128 xmm3, blow
00007FF7476910B6 C7 05 50 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK (07FF747695410h)],0 
00007FF7476910C0 C7 05 4A 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+4h (07FF747695414h)],0 
00007FF7476910CA C7 05 44 43 00 00 00 00 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+8h (07FF747695418h)],0 
00007FF7476910D4 C7 05 3E 43 00 00 00 FF 00 00 mov         dword ptr [GMASK+0Ch (07FF74769541Ch)],0FF00h 
00007FF7476910DE 0F 10 1D 2B 43 00 00 movups      xmm3,xmmword ptr [GMASK (07FF747695410h)] ;XMM3 = 0000FF00000000000000000000000000
   264:  movups xmm0, GMASK
00007FF7476910E5 0F 10 05 24 43 00 00 movups      xmm0,xmmword ptr [GMASK (07FF747695410h)] ;XMM0 = 0000FF00000000000000000000000000
NOTMASK128 creates GMASK (if not already created) and NOTMASK (if not already created)
you can use them the same way as for the GMASK above
These macros are built in UASM and cooperate with the functions inside it, they can not be used outside of UASM
Cod-Father

habran

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #3 on: November 12, 2017, 08:07:58 PM »
We have implemented another useful macro for 64 bit only, because 32 bit can use push and pop while it is dangerous to do it in 64 bit if you don't know what are you doing: REGS15STORAGE
Code: [Select]
REGS15STORAGE MACRO
 IFNDEF RRAX
  .data?
   RRAX dq ?
   RRCX dq ?
   RRDX dq ?
   RRBX dq ?
   RRDI dq ?
   RRSI dq ?
   RRBP dq ?
   RRSP dq ?
   RR8  dq ?
   RR9  dq ?
   RR10 dq ?
   RR11 dq ?
   RR12 dq ?
   RR13 dq ?
   RR14 dq ?
   RR15 dq ?
   RXMM0 OWORD ?
   RXMM1 OWORD ?
   RXMM2 OWORD ?
   RXMM3 OWORD ?
   RXMM4 OWORD ?
   RXMM5 OWORD ?
   RXMM6 OWORD ?
   RXMM7 OWORD ?
  ENDIF
 .code
ENDM
You can use it anywhere, however, globals will be created only ones, so, you still need to know what are you doing.
These globals can be used for temporary data as well.


Cod-Father

Biterider

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #4 on: November 13, 2017, 04:23:58 AM »
Hi
While looking at the disassembly I found a minor issue. I'm assembling with the following switches


Code: [Select]
.xmm
option casemap:none
option dotname
option frame:auto
option win64:8
option stackbase:rsp


When a proc argument is not referenced, then it should not be stored in the shadow area. Now it seems that UASM is confused when structure member with the same name as the argument is used. In the following example you can see how changing the argument name the disassembled code doesn't contain this additional line.



Code: [Select]
Source:
MyProc proc dVar:DWORD
  mov XXX.dVar, ecx
  ret
MyProc endp


Disassembly:
 mov         qword ptr [dVar],rcx    <----
 mov         dword ptr [XXX],ecx 
 ret 


Source:
MyProc proc dVar_:DWORD
  mov XXX.dVar, ecx
  ret
MyProc endp


Disassembly:
 mov         dword ptr [XXX],ecx 
 ret


The code looks like
Code: [Select]
MyStruc struc
  dVar  DWORD ?
MyStruc ends


.data
XXX  MyStruc      {}


.code


MyProc proc dVar_:DWORD
  mov XXX.dVar, ecx
  ret
MyProc endp


start proc
    invoke MyProc, 123h
    invoke ExitProcess, 0
start endp


end start


Regards, Biterider

habran

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #5 on: November 13, 2017, 09:17:31 AM »
I can not produce that error :icon_eek:
here is the source:
Code: [Select]
.xmm
option casemap:none
option dotname
option frame:auto
option win64:8
option stackbase:rsp


ExitProcess      proto :dword
MyStruc struc
  dVar  DWORD ?
MyStruc ends


.data
XXX  MyStruc <>


.code


MyProc proc dVar_:DWORD
  mov XXX.dVar, ecx
  ret
MyProc endp

start proc
    invoke MyProc, 123h
    invoke ExitProcess,0
start endp

end start
and here is the output:
Code: [Select]
--- biter.asm ------------------------------------------------------------------
    20:
    21:
    22: MyProc proc dVar_:DWORD
    23:   mov XXX.dVar, ecx
00007FF7ED481020 89 0D DA 3F 00 00    mov         dword ptr [XXX (07FF7ED485000h)],ecx 
    24:   ret
00007FF7ED481026 C3                   ret 
    25: MyProc endp
    26:
    27:
    28: start proc
00007FF7ED481027 48 83 EC 28          sub         rsp,28h 
    29:     invoke MyProc, 123h
00007FF7ED48102B B9 23 01 00 00       mov         ecx,123h 
00007FF7ED481030 E8 EB FF FF FF       call        MyProc (07FF7ED481020h) 
    30:     invoke ExitProcess,0
00007FF7ED481035 33 C9                xor         ecx,ecx 
00007FF7ED481037 E8 02 10 00 00       call        ExitProcess (07FF7ED48203Eh) 
--- No source file -------------------------------------------------------------
Cod-Father

johnsa

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #6 on: November 13, 2017, 08:05:25 PM »
I can confirm I'm receiving the same output as Habran:

Code: [Select]
00007FF7AFD31000  mov         dword ptr [7FF7AFD33000h],ecx 
00007FF7AFD31006  ret 

johnsa

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #7 on: November 13, 2017, 09:55:57 PM »
Package and repositories have been updated again to fix another minor issue.

Latest version: 2.45.4

John

Biterider

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #8 on: November 14, 2017, 04:34:39 AM »
Hi


Here ist the debugger disassembly


Code: [Select]
MyProc1:
 mov         qword ptr [dVar],rcx 
 mov         dword ptr [XXX (0EB3000h)],ecx 
 ret 
MyProc2:
 mov         dword ptr [XXX (0EB3000h)],ecx 
 ret 
start:
 sub         rsp,28h 
 mov         ecx,123h 
 call        MyProc1 (0EB1000h) 
 mov         ecx,123h 
 call        MyProc2 (0EB100Ch) 
 add         rsp,28h 
 ret 


from the following code


Code: [Select]
.xmm
option casemap:none
option dotname
option frame:auto
option win64:8
option stackbase:rsp




MyStruc struc
  dVar  DWORD ?
MyStruc ends




.data
XXX  MyStruc <>




.code


MyProc1 proc dVar:DWORD
  mov XXX.dVar, ecx
  ret
MyProc1 endp


MyProc2 proc dVar_:DWORD
  mov XXX.dVar, ecx
  ret
MyProc2 endp


start proc
    invoke MyProc1, 123h
    invoke MyProc2, 123h
    ret
start endp


end start


UASM Version 2.45.1.0


Regards, Biterider

johnsa

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #9 on: November 14, 2017, 10:00:06 AM »
Found the problem and fixed.

I imagine this is a long standing one.

STRUCT.FIELD symbol searches, don't track any sort of scope, so if a parameter and a field have the same name the local (probably the parameter) gets picked up first.

Adamanteus

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #10 on: November 15, 2017, 02:07:57 AM »
 Dos1.asm - tiny model -bin switch from samples gives wrong start label error  :icon_cool:

johnsa

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Re: UASM 2.45 Release
« Reply #11 on: November 15, 2017, 03:52:01 AM »
Will check it out :) thanks!